Gardening enthusiasts have their own jargon, as do many other hobbyists. Some of these terms can be confusing, especially to the gardening newcomer. So here's a brief list of terms that all gardeners should be familiar with.
Annual -- Plant that completes its life cycle from seed germination to seed production in one growing season.
Biennial -- Plant that completes its life cycle over two growing seasons; usually produces only vegetation its first season, then flowers and fruits the second season, and then dies.
Bulb -- Underground plant structure made up of modified stem and leaves for storing carbohydrates.
Bud -- Undeveloped shoot with leaves (vegetative) or flowers (floral).
Conifer -- Plant whose fruiting structure is a cone.
Cultivar -- Cultivated variety; chosen for a feature(s) that varies from its species.
Deciduous -- Plant that loses all of its leaves annually.
Dormant -- Reduced state of physiological activity.
Evergreen -- Plant that retains at least some of its foliage throughout the year.
Herbaceous -- Plant that dies back to the ground at the end of the growing season (can be annual or perennial).
Horticulture -- Art and science of growing ornamental plants, vegetables and fruits.
Hybrid -- Result from the interbreeding of two distinct species, cultivars or varieties.
Mulch -- Cover placed on top of soil and/or around growing plants to suppress weed growth, conserve soil moisture, and/or modify temperature.
Native -- Plant species indigenous to a specific geographic area and, thus, generally best adapted to those local conditions.
Perennial -- Plant that lives for more than two growing seasons; can have multiple seed stages.
Photosynthesis -- Process by which plants convert light energy, carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates.
Pinch -- Removal of young stem tips.
Plant Propagation -- Increase in the number of plants, using seed, stem, leaf, root or other plant tissue.
Shrub -- Woody perennial plant with multiple main stems, generally smaller than a tree.
Tree -- Woody perennial plant with one or very few main stem(s).
Wildflower -- Plant species that grows and reproduces on its own, without human intervention.
Woody Plant -- Plant whose stems persist from year to year, adding layers of cells each season.